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Cipro 500 mg Tablets

Cipro (Ciprofloxacin), its negative effects, and proper usage are covered in this article. When using this drug for your health issue, you must know how to prevent dangers and side effects.

Cipro Antibiotic?

Cipro (Ciprofloxacin) is a fluoroquinolone prescription medicine. Antibiotics cure bacterial illnesses. It can be prescribed alone or accompanied by other medical preparations. The drug can treat only bacterial infections, so it is useless for flu or a common cold caused by viruses. It even makes the situation worse because it prevents your organism from fighting viruses.

The medicine can be prescribed by your physician for the following conditions:

  • bone and joint infections;
  • complicated intra-abdominal infections;
  • Infectious diarrhea;
  • typhoid or enteric fever;
  • uncomplicated cervical and urethral gonorrhea;
  • inhalational anthrax;
  • plague;
  • chronic bacterial prostatitis;
  • lower respiratory tract infections;
  • urinary tract infections in adults;
  • acute sinusitis, and some other health conditions.

Cipro is an effective medication if you use it properly.

Dosage and Intake

You need to read the information from the Patient’s Leaflet and ask questions about any unclear points from your physician or pharmacist before you start taking Cipro.

It's taken orally. Pills are usually taken twice a day, morning and night.

The tablet may have a bitter taste, so you should not chew or crush it. The dosage and treatment length depends on your medical condition and the organism’s response to treatment. You need to drink a lot of liquid while taking the pills.

You have to consume the drug at least 2 hours before taking other products and medications and 6 hours after that to avoid binding to them. Your pharmacist will tell you what products and medicines can decrease the efficiency of Cipro. They can include quinapril, all vitamins and minerals, food supplements, and those products that contain calcium, aluminum, and magnesium. That is why dairy products and calcium-enriched juices should not be consumed with this preparation.

For best results, take this antibiotic evenly. Take it at the same time every day to minimize misunderstanding

Even if you feel better, take the medicine as directed by your doctor. The infection may reappear if you discontinue therapy early. In case of worsening symptoms, notify your doctor.

This medication is usually given every 12 hours for 7-14 days at 500-750 mg. You must follow your doctor's dosage and duration modifications.

Antibiotic Reactions

Common adverse reactions of ciprofloxacin include stomach upset, nausea, lightheadedness, and sleeplessness. Become worse? See a doctor. Side effects are rare.

You should be very careful about such side effects as:

  • unusual bleeding or bruising;
  • signs of a new infection (like continuous fever or sore throat);
  • signs of kidney problems (like red or pink urine or any changes in its amount);
  • signs of liver problems (for instance, unusual tiredness, continuous nausea or vomiting, stomach or abdominal pains, dark urine, yellowish skin, and eyes, etc.).

The most serious symptoms that need urgent aid are the following:

  • fast or irregular breathing;
  • severe dizziness;
  • signs of a tear or break in the aorta (like sudden and severe pain in the back, chest, or stomach, shortness of breath, and cough);
  • fainting.

The preparation may develop a heavy intestinal condition caused by the C. difficile bacteria. This condition can display during the treatment, weeks, or even months after. If you have diarrhea that doesn’t stop, blood or mucus in your stool, stomach, or abdominal cramping and pain, inform your physician about it. Never take narcotic painkillers or anti-diarrhea drugs.

Not all adverse reactions are listed.


Before using Ciprofloxacin, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you're allergic to quinolone antibiotics. Drug reactions are important to your doctor.

Your doctor must also know about these conditions:

  • diabetes;
  • heart problems (including a recent heart attack);
  • joint or tendon problems (like bursitis or tendonitis);
  • liver disease;
  • kidney disease;
  • mental or mood disorders (for example, depression);
  • myasthenia gravis;
  • nerve issues (like peripheral neuropathy);
  • seizures;
  • previous brain or head injuries, brain tumors, and cerebral atherosclerosis;
  • blood vessel problems;
  • high blood pressure;
  • genes (for example, Ehlers-Danlos or Marfan syndromes).

Cipro may lead to the condition known as QT prolongation that can cause life-threatening fast or irregular heartbeat, severe dizziness, and fainting. These issues need urgent medical attention. The risk may be increased by taking other drugs that can cause the same effects or by a family history of similar problems. The risk of QT prolongation may appear from the low levels of magnesium or potassium in the blood.

The medication can sometimes cause serious changes in blood sugar. They can be even more significant if you have diabetes.

You may get dizzy while taking Cipro. If you simultaneously use alcohol or marijuana (cannabis), the dizziness may increase. Never drive a car or use complex machinery in such a condition. Alcoholic beverages should be limited; if you use cannabis, your doctor needs to know about that.

Cipro can make you more sensitive to the sun, so reduce the time in the sun while taking it. Use protective clothing and sunscreens when you need to stay outdoors. The preparation can also influence the effectiveness of live bacterial vaccines. So you need to tell the healthcare professional about using Ciprofloxacin if you are going to have any immunization. You also need to tell your doctor or dentist about this preparation before surgery.

Only in emergencies may pregnant or nursing women take the medicine. Doctors should discuss risks and advantages.

author: Wing Yap